Reduction by group symmetry of second order variational problems on a semidirect product of Lie groups with positive definite Riemannian metric
SISSA-ISAS, International School for Advanced Studies,
via Beirut 2-4, 34014 Trieste, Italy; firstname.lastname@example.org.
For a Riemannian structure on a semidirect product of Lie groups, the variational problems can be reduced using the group symmetry. Choosing the Levi-Civita connection of a positive definite metric tensor, instead of any of the canonical connections for the Lie group, simplifies the reduction of the variations but complicates the expression for the Lie algebra valued covariant derivatives. The origin of the discrepancy is in the semidirect product structure, which implies that the Riemannian exponential map and the Lie group exponential map do not coincide. The consequence is that the reduced equations look more complicated than the original ones. The main scope of this paper is to treat the reduction of second order variational problems (corresponding to geometric splines) on such semidirect products of Lie groups. Due to the semidirect structure, a number of extra terms appears in the reduction, terms that are calculated explicitely. The result is used to compute the necessary conditions of an optimal control problem for a simple mechanical control system having invariant Lagrangian equal to the kinetic energy corresponding to the metric tensor. As an example, the case of a rigid body on the Special Euclidean group is considered in detail.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 22F30 / 70Q05 / 93B29 / 49J15 / 70H30 / 70H33
Key words: Lie group / semidirect product / second order variational problems / reduction / group symmetry / geometric splines / optimal control.
© EDP Sciences, SMAI, 2004