Control and stabilization of steady-states in a finite-length ferromagnetic nanowire
1 CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ
Paris 06, UMR 7598, Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, 75005
2 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CNRS UMR 7598, Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Institut Universitaire de France, 75005 Paris, France.
Revised: 27 March 2014
We consider a finite-length ferromagnetic nanowire, in which the evolution of the magnetization vector is governed by the Landau–Lifshitz equation. We first compute all steady-states of this equation, and prove that they share a quantization property in terms of a certain energy. We study their local stability properties. Then we address the problem of controlling and stabilizing steady-states by means of an external magnetic field induced by a solenoid rolling around the nanowire. We prove that, for a generic placement of the solenoid, any steady-state can be locally exponentially stabilized with a feedback control. Moreover we design this feedback control in an explicit way by considering a finite-dimensional linear control system resulting from a spectral analysis. Finally, we prove that we can steer approximately the system from any steady-state to any other one, provided that they have the same energy level.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 58F15 / 58F17 / 53C35
Key words: Landau–Lifshitz equation / nanowire / control / Kalman condition / feedback stabilization
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