Volume 26, 2020
|Number of page(s)||35|
|Published online||25 June 2020|
Alternating and variable controls for the wave equation*
Dipartimento di Matematica Guido Castelnuovo, Sapienza Università di Roma,
P.le A. Moro 5,
2 Dipartimento di Scienze di Base e Applicate per l’Ingegneria, Sapienza Università di Roma, via A. Scarpa 16, 00161 Roma, Italy.
** Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 23 March 2019
The present article discusses the exact observability of the wave equation when the observation subset of the boundary is variable in time. In the one-dimensional case, we prove an equivalent condition for the exact observability, which takes into account only the location in time of the observation. To this end we use Fourier series. Then we investigate the two specific cases of single exchange of the control position, and of exchange at a constant rate. In the multi-dimensional case, we analyse sufficient conditions for the exact observability relying on the multiplier method. In the last section, the multi-dimensional results are applied to specific settings and some connections between the one and multi-dimensional case are discussed; furthermore some open problems are presented.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 49K20 / 35L05 / 93B07
Key words: Exact observability / wave equation / alternating controls / variable observation / Fourier series / multiplier method
© EDP Sciences, SMAI 2020
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