Volume 26, 2020
|Number of page(s)||42|
|Published online||17 November 2020|
Optimal boundary control for steady motions of a self-propelled body in a Navier-Stokes liquid
Graduate School of Mathematics, Nagoya University,
2 CEMAT and Department of Mathematics, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal.
3 Université de Lorraine, CNRS, Inria, IECL, 54000 Nancy, France.
* T. Hishida is partially supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, 18K03363, from JSPS.
** Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
*** A. L. Silvestre acknowledges the financial support of the Portuguese FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, through the projects UIDB/04621/2020 and UIDP/04621/2020 of CEMAT/IST-ID.
**** T. Takahashi is partially supported by the project IFSMACS ANR-15-CE40-0010, financed by the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche.
Accepted: 22 October 2020
Consider a rigid body 𝒮 ⊂ ℝ3 immersed in an infinitely extended Navier-Stokes liquid and the motion of the body-fluid interaction system described from a reference frame attached to 𝒮. We are interested in steady motions of this coupled system, where the region occupied by the fluid is the exterior domain Ω = ℝ3 \ 𝒮. This paper deals with the problem of using boundary controls v*, acting on the whole ∂Ω or just on a portion Γ of ∂Ω, to generate a self-propelled motion of 𝒮 with a target velocity V (x) := ξ + ω × x and to minimize the drag about 𝒮. Firstly, an appropriate drag functional is derived from the energy equation of the fluid and the problem is formulated as an optimal boundary control problem. Then the minimization problem is solved for localized controls, such that supp v*⊂ Γ, and for tangential controls, i.e, v*⋅ n|∂Ω = 0, where n is the outward unit normal to ∂Ω. We prove the existence of optimal solutions, justify the Gâteaux derivative of the control-to-state map, establish the well-posedness of the corresponding adjoint equations and, finally, derive the first order optimality conditions. The results are obtained under smallness restrictions on the objectives |ξ| and |ω| and on the boundary controls.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 76D05 / 49K21 / 76D55 / 49J21
Key words: 3-D Navier-Stokes equations / exterior domain / rotating body / self-propelled motion / boundary control / drag reduction
© EDP Sciences, SMAI 2020
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