Volume 27, 2021
Special issue in honor of Enrique Zuazua's 60th birthday
|Number of page(s)||62|
|Published online||27 July 2021|
One-dimensional wave equation with set-valued boundary damping: well-posedness, asymptotic stability, and decay rates
Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, CentraleSupélec, Laboratoire des signaux et systèmes,
2 LS2N, École Centrale de Nantes & CNRS UMR 6004, 44000 Nantes, France.
3 Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, CentraleSupélec, Inria, Laboratoire des signaux et systèmes, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 17 June 2021
This paper is concerned with the analysis of a one dimensional wave equation ztt − zxx = 0 on [0, 1] with a Dirichlet condition at x = 0 and a damping acting at x = 1 which takes the form (zt(t, 1), −zx(t, 1)) ∈ Σ for every t ≥ 0, where Σ is a given subset of ℝ2. The study is performed within an Lp functional framework, p ∈ [1, +∞]. We aim at determining conditions on Σ ensuring existence and uniqueness of solutions of that wave equation as well as strong stability and uniform global asymptotic stability of its solutions. In the latter case, we also study the decay rates of the solutions and their optimality. We first establish a one-to-one correspondence between the solutions of that wave equation and the iterated sequences of a discrete-time dynamical system in terms of which we investigate the above mentioned issues. This enables us to provide a simple necessary and sufficient condition on Σ ensuring existence and uniqueness of solutions of the wave equation as well as an efficient strategy for determining optimal decay rates when Σ verifies a generalized sector condition. As an application, we solve two conjectures stated in the literature, the first one seeking a specific optimal decay rate and the second one associated with a saturation type of damping. In case the boundary damping is subject to perturbations, we derive sharp results regarding asymptotic perturbation rejection and input-to-state issues.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35L05 / 35B40 / 35R70 / 39A60 / 93D20
Key words: Wave equation / set-valued boundary condition / saturation / well-posedness / stability / asymptotic behavior
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, SMAI 2021
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