Volume 10, Number 1, January 2004
|Page(s)||142 - 167|
|Published online||15 February 2004|
Newton and conjugate gradient for harmonic maps from the disc into the sphere
Centre de Mathématiques et de Leurs Applications,
École Normale Supérieure de Cachan,
61 avenue du Président Wilson,
94235 Cachan Cedex, France; Morgan.Pierre@cmla.ens-cachan.fr.
We compute numerically the minimizers of the Dirichlet energy among maps from the unit disc into the unit sphere that satisfy a boundary condition and a degree condition. We use a Sobolev gradient algorithm for the minimization and we prove that its continuous version preserves the degree. For the discretization of the problem we use continuous P1 finite elements. We propose an original mesh-refining strategy needed to preserve the degree with the discrete version of the algorithm (which is a preconditioned projected gradient). In order to improve the convergence, we generalize to manifolds the classical Newton and conjugate gradient algorithms. We give a proof of the quadratic convergence of the Newton algorithm for manifolds in a general setting.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 58E20 / 78M10 / 65N30 / 90C53
Key words: Harmonic maps / finite elements / mesh-refinement / Sobolev gradient / Newton algorithm / conjugate gradient.
© EDP Sciences, SMAI, 2004
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