Volume 25, 2019
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Published online||19 December 2019|
A perfect reconstruction property for PDE-constrained total-variation minimization with application in Quantitative Susceptibility Mapping*
Institute of Mathematics and Scientific Computing, University of Graz,
** Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 28 January 2018
We study the recovery of piecewise constant functions of finite bounded variation (BV) from their image under a linear partial differential operator with unknown boundary conditions. It is shown that minimizing the total variation (TV) semi-norm subject to the associated PDE-constraints yields perfect reconstruction up to a global constant under a mild geometric assumption on the jump set of the function to reconstruct. The proof bases on establishing a structural result about the jump set associated with BV-solutions of the homogeneous PDE. Furthermore, we show that the geometric assumption is satisfied up to a negligible set of orthonormal transformations. The results are then applied to Quantitative Susceptibility Mapping (QSM) which can be formulated as solving a two-dimensional wave equation with unknown boundary conditions. This yields in particular that total variation regularization is able to reconstruct piecewise constant susceptibility distributions, explaining the high-quality results obtained with TV-based techniques for QSM.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35Q93 / 49Q20 / 35L67 / 92C55
Key words: Optimization with partial differential equations / total-variation minimization / perfect reconstruction property / piecewise constant functions of bounded variation / jump sets of BV-solutions / Quantitative Susceptibility Mapping
© EDP Sciences, SMAI 2019
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