Volume 26, 2020
|Number of page(s)||24|
|Published online||11 February 2020|
Modeling and stabilization of current-controlled piezo-electric beams with dynamic electromagnetic field★
Department of Mathematics, Western Kentucky University,
2 Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L3G1, Canada.
** Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 17 January 2019
Piezoelectric materials can be controlled with current (or charge) as the electrical input, instead of voltage. The main purpose of this paper is to derive the governing equations for a current-controlled piezo-electric beam and to investigate stabilizability. The magnetic permeability in piezo-electric materials is generally neglected in models. However, it has a significant qualitative effect on properties of the control system such as stabilizability. Besides the consideration of current control, there are several new aspects to the model. Most importantly, a fully dynamic magnetic model is included. Also, electrical potential and magnetic vector potential are chosen to be quadratic-through thickness to include the induced effects of the electromagnetic field. Hamilton’s principle is used to derive a boundary value problem that models a single piezo-electric beam actuated by a current (or charge) source at the electrodes. Two sets of decoupled system of partial differential equations are obtained; one for stretching of the beam and another one for bending motion. Since current (or charge) controller only affects the stretching motion, attention is focused on control of the stretching equations in this paper. It is shown that the Lagrangian of the beam is invariant under certain transformations. A Coulomb type gauge condition is used. This gauge condition decouples the electrical potential equation from the equations of the magnetic potential. A semigroup approach is used to prove that the Cauchy problem is well-posed. Unlike voltage actuation, a bounded control operator in the natural energy space is obtained. The paper concludes with analysis of stabilizability and comparison with other actuation approaches and models.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 74F15 / 93D15 / 35Q60
Key words: Piezoelectric / charge actuation / current actuation / stabilization / control / partial differential equations / distributed parameter system / induced voltage / electromotive force
© EDP Sciences, SMAI 2020
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