Volume 27, 2021
|Number of page(s)||24|
|Published online||30 April 2021|
Mean-field optimal control for biological pattern formation
Department Mathematik, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg,
2 Department for Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA, UK.
3 School of Business Informatics and Mathematics, University of Mannheim, B 6, 28-29, 68159 Mannheim, Germany.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 25 March 2021
We propose a mean-field optimal control problem for the parameter identification of a given pattern. The cost functional is based on the Wasserstein distance between the probability measures of the modeled and the desired patterns. The first-order optimality conditions corresponding to the optimal control problem are derived using a Lagrangian approach on the mean-field level. Based on these conditions we propose a gradient descent method to identify relevant parameters such as angle of rotation and force scaling which may be spatially inhomogeneous. We discretize the first-order optimality conditions in order to employ the algorithm on the particle level. Moreover, we prove a rate for the convergence of the controls as the number of particles used for the discretization tends to infinity. Numerical results for the spatially homogeneous case demonstrate the feasibility of the approach.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 49K15 / 49K20 / 70F10 / 82C22 / 92C15
Key words: Optimal control with ODE/PDE constraints / interacting particle systems / mean-field limits / dynamical systems / pattern formation
© EDP Sciences, SMAI 2021
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